Tiago Henrique Auko, Vander Carbonari, Daniele Guedes Ribeiro, Rogério Silvestre


Vespidae is a cosmopolitan but predominantly tropical family, containing about 4.500 species in the world, with 587 species described from Brazil. In this work we registered 105 species in 35 genera from Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. This inventory was conducted in different biomes from Mato Grosso do Sul: Pantanal, Chaco, Cerrado and Atlantic Forest, covering periods of sampling between 2006 to 2011; being the first effort to quantify the Vespidae fauna for this State. The samples were concentrated primarily in areas with good conservation status, as Parque Nacional da Serra da Bodoquena, Maciço do Urucum, riparian forests of the rivers Aporé and Sucuriú, in two phytophysiognomies of the Brazilian Chaco, Serra do Amolar, and in one Atlantic Forest fragment. The sampling techniques employed were: active search with entomological nets, Malaise and Möerick traps, and manual capture. The methods were not standardized for the locations; in consequence we did not estimate the species richness for the region. The genera with high species richness were Omicron and Zethus, with 10 species each one. Among the solitary wasps Pachodynerus guadulpensis was the most abundant, with 32 records. To the social wasps Agelaia multipicta, Polybia ignobilis, and Polybia (gr. occidentalis) sp. were the most abundant. The specimens are deposited in the Hymenoptera Collection from Museu de Biodiversidade (MuBio), Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados- UFGD.  The knowledge status of biodiversity is fundamental for future strategies of management’s plans, resulting in the selection of priority areas for conservation.

Iheringia Série Zoologia

Museu de Ciências Naturais, Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul

Rua Dr. Salvador França, 1427, 90690-000 Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil